When couples decide to have a baby, there are certain preparations that are required to pay attention to first. This article will be useful for them, especially women who are pregnant for the very first time. Here are some of the things that they need to be aware of.

Firstly, it is important to have a balanced diet. You have to be ready for a change in both your life and diet. During the early stages of pregnancy, the fetus is very vulnerable to the environmental and it also impacts the mother’s body. Hence, a proper diet and nutrition intake is essential for the growth of the fetus as anything that is consumed from the mother will directly affect the fetus. Food that is rich in folic acid is recommended. They include green vegetables, grains and cereals, oatmeal, beans, papaya and citrus. Do take note that cooked food will destroy folic acid, therefore you should eat more fruits. In addition, different foods contain different nutrients, so you should eat in variety to ensure a balanced nutrition.

Secondly, you have to take note of drugs and medication as early pregnancy is a crucial period. Some drugs can cause changes in the sexual organs of the fetus and other deformities or physical defects. Therefore, always consult a physician before you consume any Western or Eastern medicine. For those who require long-term medication, such as patients suffering from diabetes, kidney disease and heart disease, your condition has to be stable before you proceed with pregnancy. Once you are pregnant, you should inform the doctor to adjust the type and amount of medication for you. They will monitor your condition and adjust the dosage during your pregnancy accordingly. This will ensure the health and safety of both the mother and the fetus. During pregnancy, if you experience any discomfort, seek treatment from a physician’s prescription medication.

Thirdly, try losing weight. Regular exercise is just as important as having a balanced diet. Being in the best physical and mental health condition can be reassuring for the arrival of a new member of the family. Expectant mothers should undergo a detailed medical examination before pregnancy. If problems are found, at least prevention or treatment can still be made prior to pregnancy.

Next, do not expose yourself to X-ray and radiation. Excessive exposure may cause fetal malformations. If you do need to go for a X-ray, be sure to inform the medical staff of your pregnancy.

Lastly, avoid coming into contact with chemicals. For example, hair dyes as the ingredients in it can decompose the melanin in the hair, affecting the health of the fetus. If your work requires you to come into contact with chemicals, you should either find a stronger protection or consider switching jobs.

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