Presently, for all the drugs used in medical abortion, the initial dosage is 1/4 to 1/3. Hence, the side effects are not obvious. They can include symptoms such as morning sickness and fatigue. For prostaglandin (前列腺素) side effects, mainly gastrointestinal reactions, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain due to contraction of the uterus, they can cause individual symptoms such as fever, dizziness and so forth. For the prevention or treatment of gastrointestinal side effects, Acetophenone (苯乙) or Metoclopramide (胃复安) can be taken before and after treatment.
According to experts, a small number of pregnant women take Mifepristone (米非司酮) to abortion. 80% of pregnant women are discharged within six hours after use of a prostaglandin drug. Approximately 10% of pregnant women continue taking the drug 1 week after discharge. Therefore, as long as the bleeding appears, pay attention to the effluent (排出物). Sometimes, it would be wise to visit the doctor again if the bleeding doesn’t stop.
After the treatment prescribed by the doctor, they will determine if it is possible to be discharged according to the circumstances. The medical institution will usually do a follow up after 8 to 15 days to determine the effect of medical abortion. If the medical staff fails to determine the outcome of the medical abortion or if the abortion progress is incomplete, then artificial abortion must be done.
After a medical abortion, the bleeding can last between 18 to 20 days. This can lead to some women suffering from anemia or concurrent uterine endometritis, pelvic inflammatory disease, such as bleeding. Medical abortion must follow emergency curettage surgery and transfusion medical institutions. The doctors screening the patient have to be under the guidance of specialized training, which is in accordance with the provisions of medication. Proper observations, follow ups and timely processing are required.
There are very few pregnant women who suffer from large amounts of bleeding, abdominal pain, fever, and other unforeseen circumstances. Therefore, if such conditions do occur, it would be advisable to go to the medical institutions for treatment. Once medical abortion is successful, all women should take effective contraceptive measures. Whether it is abortion or medical abortion, there will still be some impact on the pregnant woman’s physical health and mental state.